02/08/2021

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Zimbabwe sends first Black swimmer to the Olympics

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The southern African nation of Zimbabwe is sending a Black swimmer to the Olympics, the first from her country to go the Games.

Seventeen-year-old Donata Katai won African youth titles and broke youth records once held by two-time Olympic champion Kirsty Coventry, who is not only Zimbabwe’s most successful swimmer but also Africa’s most decorated Olympian.

Tokyo is probably too early for the teenager to succeed Coventry in the way she really wants, by stepping onto the Olympic podium. But, for now, Katai does represent a deeper breakthrough for Zimbabwe.

Her country is 99% Black and it’s taken until 2021 for a Black swimmer to represent Zimbabwe at the Olympics.

Simone Manuel’s gold medal in the 100-metre freestyle at the last Olympics in Rio de Janeiro was a seminal moment for Black swimmers. But the American’s success also sparked a conversation about why Black swimmers are so underrepresented.

That’s historically been the case in southern Africa, where the most successful swimmers — like Coventry and South Africans Chad le Clos and Cameron van de Burgh — are all white. It’s maybe starker because they come from majority-Black countries.

But while swimming in the United States might be still struggling to diversify, Katai said it isn’t anymore in Zimbabwe.

“There’s a lot of people of colour that take part in the sport (in Zimbabwe),” Katai said. “It’s kind of becoming normal for me in Zimbabwe. I feel like we swim in very different environments because in America there are not many people of colour that swim. In Zimbabwe, the majority of people that swim at the moment are people of colour. I guess her (Manuel’s) story would be very different from mine.”

Katai’s story is also very different from another Black African swimmer. Eric Moussambani of Equatorial Guinea gained brief worldwide fame, and the ironic nickname Eric the Eel, for being so bad at the 2000 Sydney Olympics. That stereotype is definitely not applicable here.

Katai has been swimming competitively since, at the age of 6, she realised she was pretty good at it. She’s been tracked after her talent peaked the interest of some of the country’s top coaches at the age of 8. Her family is solidly middle class, her current coach, Kathy Lobb, stressed. She is not underprivileged. And she’s the first swimmer the veteran coach has taken all the way to the Olympics.

“It’s every coach’s dream to have a swimmer coming through and taking them to the Olympics,” Lobb said

Katai won gold medals in the 50-metre and 100-metre backstroke at the 2019 African Junior Championships in Tunisia. The same year, she broke Coventry’s longstanding 100-metre backstroke national youth record. That’s the event she’ll compete in at the Tokyo Games.

Of all the comparisons, Katai is quite happy with the Coventry one.

Katai and Coventry know each other, but not very well. They’ve only spoken a couple of times at meets, Katai said, but Coventry has been completely supportive.

Coventry was also 17 when she swam at her first Olympics in 2000. She didn’t win a medal, but she returned four years later to claim a gold, a silver and a bronze and start that record-breaking haul for Africa.