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We have a look at the challenges dealing with Nigerians as they put together to vote

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Nigeria, which is able to elect its new president on Saturday, is probably the most populous nation in Africa and one of the vital dynamic on the continent, but it surely’s additionally stricken by rising insecurity and worsening poverty.

Greater than 200 million inhabitants

Positioned in West Africa on the Atlantic Ocean, Nigeria is probably the most populous nation on the continent with some 216 million inhabitants in keeping with the UN (2022).

Almost one in two Nigerians lives under the poverty line, in keeping with the federal government.

Most estimates predict that by 2100 Nigeria would be the second most populous nation on the planet behind India. Lagos, the financial capital, will change into probably the most populous metropolis on the planet, in keeping with most estimates.

Nigeria has a complete of 250 ethnic and linguistic teams, together with three main ethnic teams: the predominantly Muslim Hausa (north), the predominantly Christian Igbo (southeast) and the Yoruba (southwest).

Islamic legislation was launched in 2000 in twelve northern states (out of 36 within the nation), upsetting violence between Christians and Muslims.


Impartial from the UK in 1960, Nigeria skilled its first coup simply six years later, in January 1966.

On Might 30, 1967, the southeastern Igbo-dominated area seceded, triggering the Biafra warfare which in three years killed greater than one million individuals, primarily from famine.

After many years of army dictatorships, Nigeria returned to democracy in 1999.

Outgoing President Muhammadu Buhari, a former putschist common, was elected in 2015, in the course of the nation’s first democratic alternation. Re-elected in 2019, he isn’t looking for a 3rd time period, in accordance with the Structure.

Boko Haram and prison gangs

The rebel of the jihadist group Boko Haram since 2009 within the northeast has left 40,000 useless and greater than two million displaced in keeping with the UN. In 2014, the entire world was moved by the kidnapping of 276 highschool women in Chibok. Over 100 stay lacking.

Born from a break up with Boko Haram in 2016, Iswap, affiliated with the Islamic State organisation, has change into the dominant jihadist group within the northeast.

Lately, a brand new entrance has opened up: within the northwest and centre, prison gangs, which thrive on the antagonism between herders and farmers, function with impunity in rural areas, attacking villages and finishing up kidnappings for ransom.

Insecurity and mass kidnappings have compelled the authorities to shut greater than 11,000 colleges because the finish of 2020, contributing to a pointy improve within the variety of out-of-school kids (18.5 million in 2022, 60% of them women), in keeping with the Unicef.

Main oil producer

Confronted with the widespread theft of crude oil, Nigeria quickly misplaced its place as Africa’s main oil producer in favour of Angola within the third quarter of 2022, earlier than returning to the highest in keeping with the most recent OPEC figures.

Its 2023 finances supplies for a resumption of its manufacturing at 1.69 million barrels of crude per day, a stage under the quota of 1.8 million barrels set by the Group.

The Covid-19 pandemic plunged the financial system of Africa’s most populous nation into recession in mid-2020, a primary in 4 years. Nigeria is now struggling the fallout from the warfare in Ukraine, with inflation above 20% particularly.

The Worldwide Financial Fund (IMF) forecasts GDP progress of three.2% in 2023, after 3% in 2022.

Nigeria is stricken by corruption, ranked 154th out of 180 on this space by Transparency Worldwide (2021).

Nollywood and afropop

Nigeria is the cradle of a musical style that ignites the planet, Afrobeats. Its stars, like Burna Boy or Wizkid, fill the largest live performance halls on the planet.

The nation has main authors, similar to Wole Soyinka, the primary African to obtain the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1986, Chinua Achebe, writer of the cult novel “The world is collapsing”, who died in 2013, or the world icon of feminism Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie.

“Nollywood”, the movie business, is quantitatively the second on the planet, behind Bollywood, with a manufacturing of greater than 2,000 movies per 12 months. It floods the African market with romantic comedies and introduced in $660 million in income to the nation in 2021, or 2.3% of GDP.