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Mali: France has lost ‘legal basis’ for military operations

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Mali has declared that France no longer has a “legal basis” for carrying out military operations in the country after Bamako quit key defence agreements.

The announcement on Malian television late Tuesday came a day after the junta walked out of several agreements underpinning French and European missions in the jihadist-hit state.

Foreign Minister Abdoulaye Diop said that it would take six months for the formal end of a 2014 defence cooperation agreement with France to take effect.

However, the legal end of agreements signed in 2013 and 2020 on France’s Barkhane and Europe’s Takuba operations in Mali applied immediately, he said.

“So, as of May 2, the agreement covering Barkhane and the agreement covering Takuba cease taking an effect with regard to Mali… which means that as of this moment, there is no legal basis for France to operate on Malian soil,” Diop said.

France deployed thousands of troops in Mali, backed by drones and warplanes, under its Barkhane operation — a mission aimed at helping fragile allies in the Sahel fight a brutal jihadist insurgency.

But the once-close relationship between Paris and Bamako soured after disgruntled officers seized power in August 2020, toppling Mali’s elected president, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita.

Tensions rose to near-breaking point after the junta brought in paramilitaries that France and others say are mercenaries from the controversial Wagner group.

In February France, citing “obstructions” by the junta, announced a pullout of its forces from Mali — a measure that also applies to Takuba, a French-led mission comprising special forces from European allies.

Diop said that Barkhane was already withdrawing from Mali and France could continue to work on the pullout.

However, “anything which takes place on the territory of a sovereign state should be discussed and agreed with the state which is in place,” he said.

The host state, “quite responsibly, will ensure that things are being carried out correctly and on time with what the government wishes to be appropriate,” he said.

‘Unjustified’

France’s foreign ministry on Tuesday said Mali’s renunciation of the agreements was “unjustified.”

It also contested that the agreements covering Barkhane and Takuba could be ditched with immediate effect.

Mali denies having called in Wagner and has indicated willingness for state-to-state cooperation with France.

In Brussels on Wednesday, the European Union’s foreign policy service said Mali’s withdrawal was “regrettable.”

“We believe that we need to combat the terrorist threat in Mali. We’d like to see constructive work with the international forces in Mali and with the transitional authorities in Mali,” said its spokesman, Peter Stano.

On April 11, the EU said it was “halting” its training missions in Mali, although it would maintain a presence in neighbouring countries.

The announcement came after reports of a massacre of civilians in the central Malian village of Moura in March involving government forces and white foreign soldiers, suspected to be Wagner operatives.

The EU has several hundred troops and experts in Mali, where they are helping to train the army and national guard.

The mission lies outside the framework of Barkhane, Takuba and the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali, MINUSMA, which has several contingents from European nations.